What’s that glowing in the ocean?


If you are visiting Holbox and you go to the beach at night, you’ll be surprised to witness the brightness of star-like bioluminescent phytoplankton scintillating like a starry sky that comes from the water. You won’t need any special equipment or goggles, though snorkelers can enjoy the blast of swimming in a pool of light. You just need your own eyes and some time to actually digest that this spectacular view is not a product of your imagination: it is just nature.

Phytoplankton, as well as other creatures such as sea-fireflies, can produce light through chemical reactions taking place within their bodies. This is known as bioluminescence. Certain types of chemicals when mixed together produce energy, which ‘excites’ other particles on vibration and generate light. This causes the amazing glow that looks like shining stars.

Bioluminescent dinoflagellates are a type of plankton that cast a bluish-green color. Bioluminescent dinoflagellate ecosystems are rare, mostly forming in warm-water lagoons with narrow openings to the open sea. Bioluminescent dinoflagellates gather in these lagoons or bays, and the narrow opening prevents them from escaping.

However, human beings are not the only ones attracted by plankton. The whale shark, also known as the Rhincodon typus, feeds mainly on it. This animal has a very large mouth and is a filter feeder, which means that it feeds by straining suspended matter and food particles from water. Whale sharks are found in tropical and warm oceans and live in the open sea.

Although it cannot be seen from the shore, the presence of bioluminescent phytoplankton indicates that it is possible a whale shark habitat. From mid-May to mid-September, Holbox island gets plenty of phytoplankton and hundreds of whale sharks.

So, when if you come to Holbox during the summer, don’t forget to pass by the beach at night to appreciate the uniqueness of bioluminescence. Probably you will have to get into the ocean and move the water to see it glow. You will not regret it. The jaw-dropping view will remind you of the beautiful things nature still has to offer.

(pictures of the phenomenom are very hard to take. the one in the cover is for illustrative purposes)

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Join the conversation
  • Matt - marzo 29, 2016 reply

    Is there any chance of seeing whale sharks in mid-April?

    VIP Holbox - mayo 1, 2016 reply

    Not really. The season starts mid-May and permits are valid from that date.

    Misty - julio 22, 2016 reply

    Gosh, I wish I would have had that inmrofation earlier!

  • Sabrina - septiembre 1, 2016 reply

    I would love to see the bioluminescence. Will it be over by October?
    Thank you!

    VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    You should give it a try… But nature is hard to control and there are many factors that affect phytoplankton. Every year is different.

  • Alice - septiembre 5, 2016 reply

    Any chance to see this phytoplankton at beginning of october? Is there other place in Yucatan where you can see them?

    VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    We don’t know about any other place in Yucatan…
    Regarding October. It’s hard to tell. Many factors affect phytoplankton. Every year is different.

  • Pam - octubre 12, 2016 reply

    Is there a chance to see the bioluminiscent sea in december?

    VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    You will probably have to go offshore. But you should check once you’re here!

  • Sid - diciembre 19, 2016 reply

    Is it possible to exprience this glowing ocean during end of December ? Or as you said season starts mid-May ?

    VIP Holbox - diciembre 27, 2016 reply

    You can experience glowing in December, but you may need to take a tour and get to more remote places (by kayak). We are checking how that works as many people have asked and we want to start offering a tour to take visitors to that spot.

    Melissa - marzo 15, 2017 reply

    hi there, has there been any updates on a kayak tour to see the bioluminescence? We are traveling in October and would love to to something like that. I haven’t been able to find any tours thus far.

    VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    Hola, Melissa. I recommend you send us an e-mail some weeks before you get here and we’ll tell you about the different options to see the bioluminescence (with real an updated data). info@vipholbox.com

  • VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    Hola, Carina. The Maldivas counts with the same or similar phenomenom (there are different types of bioluminescence). But I can assure you that this happens also here. It’s one of my favourite activities during the summer 🙂

  • Ana Maria - abril 10, 2017 reply

    Hi , I’m coming to Mexico for 2 weeks from 1st June. Have you organized any tour to see the glowing ? Is it visible on shore ?

    VIP Holbox - abril 17, 2017 reply

    Hola, Ana María. You need to find a dark spot. That means: no lights from hotels or even the moon. And go to the beach and check. Of course there are many factors that can affect the presence of this phenomenom; it’s nature. But you should go and try. In order to see it you have to move the water… that means, it’s better if you swim in it 🙂

    When you get to Holbox, come to our office and we’ll tell you more!

  • Loes - julio 30, 2017 reply

    Hi we are now at holbox, what is the best spot?

    Greetings Loes

    VIP Holbox - septiembre 1, 2017 reply

    You need no lights, so try to escape from the hotel zone. And check the moon schedule.

  • Valerie - julio 31, 2017 reply

    Hi. Do you know if it is possible to take pictures of the light? Do i need a speciale camera?

    VIP Holbox - septiembre 1, 2017 reply

    It’s hard because it lights up when it is moved. A week ago was so intense you could see it in the waves… but in general, you need to be moving it and a long exposure.

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